The risk for the Malays was very huge; risk of loosing the whole country with the Malay Rulers altogether in place of singular government under the British King or Queen.
Malayan Union could have brought in catastrophe for the Malays as they were certain to loose their basic identity with the demise of the power of the Malay Rulers.
As I have mentioned in my last posting the Malay Congress which was held on the 1st of March 1946 was the catalyst to the birth of UMNO.
The Congress came up with strong stand against the British among the few which I still remember through my bits of readings of history were:-
1. The agreement that was signed by the Malay Rulers was unconstitutional as it was against the Malay wish and the said agreement was automatically null and void. The Malays did not recognize the agreement totally.
2. The agreement was signed without the knowledge of the Malays and it was going against the basic democracy that the British themselves practiced.
3. The proposed Malayan Union denied the power of the Malay Rulers over their respective states and instantaneously repealed the various agreements that had previously been signed between the British and the Malay Rulers. In effect it went head-on with the Atlantic Charter.
4. The formation of one single government through the Malayan Union was meant to do away with the 9 Malay Rulers and this was too hurting for the Malays.
5. The Congress also demanded the British Government to do serious and actual survey among the Malays in the Malayan Peninsular to find out whether Malayan Union was really accepted by the Malayan population.
6. And lastly the Congress demanded with firm assertion to withdraw the idea of Malayan Union totally.
The resolutions of the 4 day Congress was immediately conveyed to the Secretary to the British Colony in White Hall, London.
The British however was not taking the resistance by the Malays seriously as they believed that the Malays would not have the stamina to revolt against the idea of Malayan Union.
While the Malays were fighting hard to get back their states for their Malay Rulers, the immigrants who were not the citizen were supporting the idea of Malayan Union proposed Constitution as that was the only opportunity for them to get citizenship.
As long as they were not citizen they couldn’t participate in politics and to decide together for their future.
They were demanding that they being treated and provided the same of everything that the Malay Sultanates provide for their indigenous subject.
Emergency Malay Congress was called on the 30th of March in Kuala Lumpur to deal with the arrogance of the British.
Among the names of historical values who attended were Dato' Onn Ja'afar, Dato’ Hamzah Abdullah and Encik Zainal Abidin Ahmad(Za'aba) from Selangor, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra and Dato’ Nik Ahmad Kamil.
The emergency Congress on the 30th March was to decide on the next course of action to react against the impending installation of Sir Edward Gent as the Governor General of Malayan Union on the 1st of April.
On the day of the Congress some of the Malay Rulers were already at the Station Hotel in preparation to witness the installation of the Governor General of Malayan Union, who was to take over all their power and immunity as Rulers of their respective subjects for the past decades and centuries.
If my memory of history is still fine, there were 5 resolutions that the Congress decided.
1. The Malays must boycott the inauguration of Malayan Union and the Installation ceremony of the Governor General of the Malayan Union.
2. To put pressure on the 9 Malay Rulers to be absent on the Installation of the Governor General of the dubious Malayan Union.
3. The Malays were to mourn for 7 days by wearing on songkok with white stripe around it as a show of disapproval for the formation of the Malayan Union.
4. Electing Dato' Onn Ja'afar, Panglima Bukit Gantang Abdul Wahab, Dato’ Nik Ahmad Kamil and Za’aba to seek audience of the Malay Rulers who were already then in the Station Hotel Kuala Lumpur. They were to convey the very strong message of the Malays that they insisted the Malay Rulers not to attend the installation ceremony of the Malayan Union Governor General schedule just a day after that.
5. To call on all the Malays who were in any Legislative at the state and Federal level to boycott all meetings and not to cooperate with the British completely.
The Congress representatives went to seek the audience of the Malay Rulers at the Station Hotel in the early morning of the 1st April just before the installation of Sir Edward Gent as the Governor General of Malayan Union.
The 9 rulers went to the balcony of the hotel watching the exasperated Malays who came in thousands from every part of the Peninsular shouting ‘Daulat Tuanku, Daulat Tuanku, Daulat Tuanku!’.
They demanded for the Rulers abstention from attending the function that would admonish and obliterated the Malays in totality. It was only then that the Malay Rulers acknowledged how serious the Malays were and they really understood how the Malays loved and sacrificed for them.
It was only then that they realized that they cannot be a Ruler without their loyal subjects.
Meanwhile, the installation of the Malayan Union Governor still went on as usual without the representation of the Malay Rulers and every Malay organization. The sole Malay who attended was the ADC of the Governor Edward Gent, who was from the Malay Regiment.
At the same time there was massive demonstration nationwide by the Malays condemning the British for the heinous act of dismantling the Malays and their nation to fragmentation.
The Malays demanded the British to surrender the country back to the Malay Rulers and ruled the country like how it was before the Malayan Union was formed.
Simultaneously back in London the opposition Parliamentarians from the Conservative party were criticizing the ruling Labour party and the party was for maintaining the Malay status and condemned the British Government for their intention to give the immigrants the same status as the Malays in Malaya.
That intention to them would put the Malay indigenous in political oblivion and that was too immoral for the Conservative to stomach.
The Conservative were demanding that the British government to send British Parliamentarians from the major parties in England to see and evaluate the situation in Malaya especially the feelings of the Malays who were then continuously protesting at every corner of Peninsular Malaya.
In end of May 1946, a month after Malayan Union was formed two representatives from British Parliament was sent to Malaya for that purpose. They were Captain L.D Gammans from the Conservative and Lieutenant Colonel David Rees Williams of the Labour Party.
The 2 Parliamentarian went to meet the Malays and their leaders in Johor Baru, Batu Pahat, Muar, Seri Menanti, Seremban, Kuala Lumpur, Kelang, Ipoh, Kuala Kangsar and Alor Setar.
They witnessed the protest of the Malays were very strong against the British Malayan Union and they began to submit that the newly formed Malayan Union and its Constitution couldn’t last long.
The 2 members of Parliament went back to England to submit reports of their findings that Malayan Union in the end may faced revolts from the Malays and the Union will not function well.
In actuality the Malayan Union was malfunctioning when all the Malays were not cooperating as expected by the British when they started initiating the Union.
In my next posting we should be able to visualize the consequences of event that follows to the dismantling of Malayan Union and the path towards the formation of the Federation and subsequently moving towards the independence.
Understanding the basic historical facts would not make us quarrel among ourselves if we are civil enough to appreciate each other in this already independent nation.
The only hick up this nation is facing is that it is not civilly managed by leaders who are not supposed to be leaders.
Najib is putting the Malays on the counter for sale.
Aspan, you are writing correct history.
But history is repeating itself now.
The Malays have to struggle against leaders who are treating them like the British did against them through Malayan Union.
This time around can the Malays fight for their race?
I doubt so bro.
Mr Aspan, This is no story. This is history. From this simple and short history writing i am certain that leaders of these days are incapable to help their people.
All leaders of today sell the rights of Malays while leaders of those days fought back for their rights.
Now we are naked Malays as the result of current leaders. That's it.
Kenalah faham yang Najib sedang mengambil hati kaum asing dan pendatang.
Dia terpaksa korbankan bangsanya, kerana bangsanya bangsa Melayu dan dia faham bangsanya akan menganggok anggok sahaja.
Yang penting dia nak jadi PM walaupuin bangsanya tergadai.
Pemimpin dahulu berhabisan berjuang untuk selamatkan bangsanyanya, tetapi sampai kenajib dia humbankan maruah bangsanya kelongkang yang kotor dan hina,
UMNO tidak releven seperti zaman melawan Malayan Union. Segala yang diperjuangkan sudah dijual dek Najib.
Jadi apa tak perlu wujud lagi.
Fungsinya sudah tiada lagi.
Your articles are very timely, your points very relevant.
I must repeat your words, "Understanding the basic historical facts would not make us quarrel among ourselves if we are civil enough to appreciate each other in this already independent nation." I wish as many non-Malays as possible read these articles.
The Malays have always been the aggrieved party in this country. From the 19th Century when the Secret Society thugs and gangsters signed a petition to the British Resident in Penang for them to help regain tin mines lost to rival gangs, which led to British intervention and colonisation in Malaya. Throughout colonial history, the British assisted the Chinese much more economically and educationally than the Malays. Sure they would have wanted British presence to continue under the Malayan Union. The Malays had strong and concsientious leaders then and managed to get out of the British colonial intrigues and machinations.
Then came the fight for independence, the Social Contract, the non-Malays got citizenship and, in exchange for that, the Malays got Special Rights under Article 153 of the Constitution of the independent Malaya. There should not be any begrudging of the NEP and the special educational institutions for the Malays. Don't question the Special Malay Rights because the Malays can do likewise on the non-Malay Citizenship Right and that won't be helpful to anybody.
Earlier, there was a comment about the Malays already being "generous enough". Don't ask for more and more as any concession given is an encroachment on the Special Malay Rights and it might push Malays into questioning non-Malay Citizenship Right.
The Malay problem now is weak leadership but non-Malays must not exploit that. Live and let live, and respect the Constitution.
Najib is making sure that his premiership lasts long but he is too weak and the Malays themselves have lost confidence in him.
But now he is all out to give everything to the demanding Chinese.
He has given almost all.
So I agree to the opinion that UMNO has nothing to fight anymore and hence that party must be disbanded.
At least the Malays can go to PAS or PKR.
I think those party are more relevant to the Malays as the parties have struggles to accomplish.
UMNO must go bro. I am leaving UMNO to the latest by next month.
Tun Razak yang membina, anaknya yang meruntuhkan segala-galanya. Jahannam.
Sdr Aspan, saya selalu mengkritik saudara kerana tulisan saudara yang saya anggap tidak benar.
Sekarang jelas apa yg saudara perkatakan dahulu sesungguhnya benar benar berlaku.
saya memohon maaf dan saya kagum dengan telahan saudara itu benar.
Saya bersetuju yang Najib sudah hilang segala pedoman.
Tidak ada langsung perasaan untuk bertanya orang Melayu sebelum membuat keputusan sebesar ini.
Kalau orang putih gunakan Malayan Union untuk menghina bangsa kita, Najib dan UMNO menggunakan orang lain dalam negara untuk menghakis orang Melayu.
Daulat Melayu...daulat Melayu...
walaupun sdr adalah orang biasa, tetapi sdr boleh menulis dan berani membuat kritikkan.
Dgn liberalisasi yg dicipta Najib ini habislah kita semua ini.
Saya pohon sdr tulislah banyak-banyak tentang isu in kerana Najib nampaknya sudah muncuck mata orang Melayu.
Saya angankan agar Melayu bangun seperti bangun membuat tentangan terhadap Malayan Union.
Apa yang Najib lakukan ini adalah seperti British hendak Malayan Unionkan Tanah Melayu kita ini.
Sudara Aspan, buatlah ulasan yang terbaik tentang isu ini.
today Najib promised to go at war with the corrupt.
I think he would succeed because only crooks can cath another crook.
You agree with me Aspan?
Very amusing phrase
I want not agree on it. I think polite post. Specially the appellation attracted me to read the sound story.
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